Romanticism

Romanticism

rə(ʊ)ˈmantɪsɪz(ə)m/
noun
 
  1. a movement in the arts and literature which originated in the late 18th century, emphasizing inspiration, subjectivity, and the primacy of the individual.

Believe it or not romanticism has absolutely nothing to do with romance, love or cupid….. After researching and researching it seems romanticism in my opinion is a very hard to define… It was very broad and encompassed lots of different styles this is because from my understanding the movement although not having anything to do with romance was about passion for the artist who created it.
It was one of the first movements where by the artist would show there passion, love or drive for something through there art.
It was very personal but adapted to lots of different themes and also lots of different media, It not only inspired visual artists but also figures like Beethoven and novels such as The HunchBack of Notre-Dame.
After doing some research the internet has taken me from link to link and it came to my attention that these medias sometimes crossed over during the romanticism movement.
This painting is called “Abduction of Rebecca”

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This painting was by Eugene Delacroix inspired by a scene from by Sir Walter Scotts novel “Ivanhoe”.
This happened a lot during this movement, I believe this was because it was all about what inspired of provokes feelings within you, It was art with any sort of inspiration or passion behind it.

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It was the first movement that really encouraged people to create art from there personal experiences, passions and beliefs, this is something that is greatly encouraged in todays art and something that then become very popular, This sort of became what art was about,Expressing yourself.

This painting is a very famous painting of the Romanticism movement, it is called “Wanderer Above The Sea Of Fog”. something I noticed in this painting is the mans stance. I think this portrays a very strong and manly stance, very demanding and ruling.

I find this very interesting not only because this is portraying perhaps an unrealistic stereotype of men but also that from what I found about the way women are represented in romanticism paintings.
Although this was during a period when women where seen as the weaker sex the females are portrayed in a very inferior way and all shown as weaker or in the more submissive role to the men.
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This Eugène Delacroix Painting , Death of Sardanapalus just illustrates this point I was making about women being shown as weaker and submissive,The men are illustrated as “kings” and laying on beds or standing tall where the women as laying on the floor unclothed. The women are made to look as if they are longing after the men, Although a beautiful painting the representation of gender is very stereotypical.
As you can see in the bottom right hand corner the roles of gender are extremely exaggerated, The man seems almost as if he is hurting the women, he keeps his modesty whilst she looks like she is being forced to being unclothed.Screen Shot 2016-12-07 at 16.37.57.png

From this research I have started to gain an understanding for how more traditional art movements show the roles of gender, It was not surprising to me as this art movement was around in the 18th century, It was not until the 19th century that feminism or a refusal of the feminine role in society was bought to the foreground.
Women were not even allowed to vote until 1918 so again this is not surprising.
With this being the art of the time and a huge movement it is worrying the messages this would be instilling into the audiences.

Sources:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Romanticism

http://www.e-booksdirectory.com/details.php?ebook=1386

http://www.artsunlight.com/artist-ND/N-D0006-Eugene-Delacroix/N-D0006-083-the-abduction-of-rebecca-raub-der-rebekka.html

https://www.reference.com/art-literature/difference-between-romanticism-realism-e44597b47d8c82f3

Eugène Delacroix, Death of Sardanapalus, 1827, taking its Orientalist subject from a play by Lord Byron
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